Please note that this is a beta version of the Mountain Planet website which is still undergoing final testing before its official release. The website, its software and all content found on it are provided on an “as is” and “as available” basis. Mountain Planet does not give any warranties, whether express or implied, as to the suitability or usability of the website, its software or any of its content. Mountain Planet will not be liable for any loss, whether such loss is direct, indirect, special or consequential, suffered by any party as a result of their use of the Mountain Planet website, its software or content. Any downloading or uploading of material to the website is done at the user’s own risk and the user will be solely responsible for any damage to any computer system or loss of data that results from such activities. Should you encounter any bugs, glitches, lack of functionality or other problems on the website, please let us know immediately so we can rectify these accordingly. Your help in this regard is greatly appreciated.




Mountain Planet makes no guarantee of validity

Mountain Planet is an online open-content collaborative encyclopedia; that is, an voluntary alpine community of individuals and groups working to develop a common resource of knowledge relating to alpine environment. The structure of the project allows anyone with an Internet connection to alter the most part of its content. Please be advised that nothing found here has necessarily been reviewed by people with the expertise required to provide you with complete, accurate or reliable information.

That is not to say that you will not find valuable and accurate information in Mountain Planet; much of the time you will. However, Mountain Planet cannot guarantee the validity of the information found here. The content of any given article may recently have been changed, vandalized or altered by someone whose opinion does not correspond with the state of knowledge in the relevant fields. Note that most other encyclopedias and reference works also have disclaimers.

No formal peer review

Our active community of editors uses unique tools and features to monitor new and changing content. However, Mountain Planet is not uniformly peer reviewed; while readers may correct errors or engage in casual peer review, they have no legal duty to do so and thus all information read here is without any implied warranty of fitness for any purpose or use whatsoever. Even articles that have been vetted by informal peer review or featured article processes may later have been edited inappropriately, just before you view them.

None of the contributors, sponsors, administrators or anyone else connected with Mountain Planet in any way whatsoever can be responsible for the appearance of any inaccurate or libelous information or for your use of the information contained in or linked from these web pages.

No contract; limited license

Please make sure that you understand that the information provided here is being provided freely, and that no kind of agreement or contract is created between you and the owners or users of this site, the owners of the servers upon which it is housed, the individual Mountain Planet contributors, any project administrators, sysops or anyone else who is in any way connected with this project or sister projects subject to your claims against them directly. You are being granted a limited license to copy anything from this site; it does not create or imply any contractual or extracontractual liability on the part of Mountain Planet or any of its agents, members, organizers or other users.

There is no agreement or understanding between you and Mountain Planet regarding your use or modification of this information beyond the Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA) and the GNU Free Documentation License (GFDL); neither is anyone at Mountain Planet responsible should someone change, edit, modify or remove any information that you may post on Mountain Planet or any of its associated projects.


Any of the trademarks, service marks, collective marks, design rights or similar rights that are mentioned, used or cited in the pages of the Mountain Planet are the property of their respective owners. Their use here does not imply that you may use them for any purpose other than for the same or a similar informational use as contemplated by the original authors of these Mountain Planet articles under the CC-BY-SA and GFDL licensing schemes. Unless otherwise stated Mountain Planet site is neither endorsed by nor affiliated with any of the holders of any such rights and as such Mountain Planet cannot grant any rights to use any otherwise protected materials. Your use of any such or similar incorporeal property is at your own risk.

Personality rights

Mountain Planet contains material which may portray an identifiable person who is alive or deceased recently. The use of images of living or recently deceased individuals is, in some jurisdictions, restricted by laws pertaining to personality rights, independent from their copyright status. Before using these types of content, please ensure that you have the right to use it under the laws which apply in the circumstances of your intended use. You are solely responsible for ensuring that you do not infringe someone else's personality rights.

Jurisdiction and legality of content

Publication of information found in Mountain Planet may be in violation of the laws of the country or jurisdiction from where you are viewing this information. The Mountain Planet database is stored on servers in the Germany, and is maintained in reference to the protections afforded under local and federal law. Laws in your country or jurisdiction may not protect or allow the same kinds of speech or distribution. Mountain Planet does not encourage the violation of any laws, and cannot be responsible for any violations of such laws, should you link to this domain or use, reproduce or republish the information contained herein.

Not professional advice

If you need specific advice, please seek a professional who is licensed or knowledgeable in that area.



Mountain Planet contains content that may be objectionable

In its encyclopedic function, Mountain Planet contains thousands of pages on a vast array of topics. A relatively small fraction of these topics are frequently censored by educational, governmental, corporate, parental, and other filtering schemes.

Some Mountain Planet pages discuss topics that are considered profane, vulgar, or offensive by some readers.

Pages may contain audio, visual, or written representations of people or events which may be protected by some cultures.

Mountain Planet contains many different images, some of which are considered objectionable or offensive by some readers.

Many pages contain frank discussion of controversial topics. Some subjects that are discussed have criminal applications in some jurisdictions. Others contain information on dangerous or otherwise risky activities (see Mountain Planet:General disclaimer and Mountain Planet:Risk disclaimer).

Mountain Planet contains spoilers.

Mountain Planet may contain triggers for people with post-traumatic stress disorder.

Mountain Planet may contain images and videos which can trigger epileptic seizures and other medical conditions.

Since Mountain Planet is open to contributions from the public, there may at any time be graffiti present on Mountain Planet.

There may be medical, legal or other information that is normally also the subject of professional opinions; Mountain Planet is not a substitute for seeking the help of a professional. Please note: Mountain Planet does not give legal advice or medical advice.

Mountain Planet's current policy is to include such content, provided it breaches neither any of our existing policies (especially Neutral point of view) nor the laws of the Australia, where Mountain Planet is hosted. See a list of controversial issues for some examples of articles that may contain such content. None of these articles contain warnings.

In any case, Mountain Planet is a work in progress, and many pages and articles contain errors, bias, or duplication, or may simply need tender loving care. We encourage readers to help us fix these problems. The great majority of articles are written primarily or solely by individuals who are not subject matter experts, and may lack academic or professional credentials in the area.

Mountain Planet contains obscure information that would not be covered in a conventional encyclopedia. Mountain Planet's coverage is based on the interests of its volunteer contributors. Readers should not judge the importance of topics based on their coverage in Mountain Planet, nor assume that a topic is important merely because it is the subject of a Mountain Planet article.




Use Mountain Planet at your own risk. Please be aware that any information you may find in mountain planet may be inaccurate, misleading, dangerous, adictive, unethical or illegal

Some information on Mountain Planet may create an unreasonable risk for readers who choose to apply or use the information in their own activities or to promote the information for use by third parties.

None of the authors, contributors, administrators, vandals, or anyone else connected with Mountain Planet, in any way whatsoever, can be responsible for your use of the information contained in or linked from these web pages.

Please take all steps necessary to ascertain that information you receive from Mountain Planet is correct and has been verified. Check the references at the end of the article. Read the article's timeline page and revision history to see if there are outstanding disputes over the contents of the article. Double-check all information with independent sources.

If an article contains suggestions regarding dangerous, illegal or unethical activities, remember that anyone can post this information on Mountain Planet. The authors may not be qualified to provide you with complete information or to inform you about adequate safety precautions and other measures to prevent injury, or other damage to your person, property or reputation. If you need specific advice please seek a professional licensed or knowledgeable in that area.

Mountain Planet is not uniformly peer reviewed; while readers may correct errors or remove erroneous suggestions, they have no legal duty to do so. All information found on the site is without any implied warranty of fitness for any purpose or use whatsoever.

No consequential damages can be sought against Mountain Planet, as it is a voluntary association of individuals formed to create freely licensed online educational, cultural and informational resources. This information is being given to you gratuitously and there is no agreement or understanding between you and Mountain Planet regarding your use or modification of this information beyond the Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0 Unported License (CC BY-SA) and the GNU Free Documentation License (GFDL)


Join the growing Alpine Community now.