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Getting to Tanzania, Flying to Tanzania, There are frequent direct and indirect flights to Tanzania by numerous international airlines.Getting to Tanzania
International airlines that fly to Dar es Salaam include KLM Royal Dutch Airlines, Swiss International Airlines, Emirates,Qatar Airways, Oman Air,Turkish Airlines,South African Airways, Ethiopian Airlines, Egypt Airways, Kenya Airways, Air Uganda, LAM Mozambique Airlines and Rwanda Air.
The international departure tax is US$50 but this is included in the price of an airline ticket.
Travel by Rail and Boat
Travel by rail
there are two railway lines. Tanzania – Zambia Railway which is run by the Tanzania and Zambia Railway Authority (Tazara) (tel: (022) 286 2033; www.tazarasite.com) and the Central line – Tanzania Railway line owned by Tanzania Railway corporation.
By rail note:
Tanzania – Zambia Railway Authority (TAZARA), its train journey from Dar es Salaam to Kapirimposhi – Zambia is very long (around 50 hours) and there are frequent delays. Always travel in First Class in a two or four sleeper compartment. When the train crosses the border between the two countries, immigration officials board the train to complete border formalities. The central line between Kigoma and Dar es Salaam carries international freight and passengers in transit from Burundi, DR Congo and Rwanda to the Indian Ocean, and the branch from Tabora to Mwanza carries freight and passengers between Uganda and the Indian Ocean.train from Dar es salaam to Kigoma, Mpanda and Mwanza
Getting to Tanzania by boat
The main port is Dar es Salaam (http://www.tanzaniaports.com) which is served by commercial ships but no passenger services from other countries. It does however serve as the departure point for ferry services to Zanzibar.
Some cruise ships dock at Zanzibar.
Passenger ferry services run on Lake Tanganyika to Mpulungu (Zambia). They also used to run to Bujumbura (Burundi), and this service is likely to start up again in the future. There is sporadic and unreliable ferry service on Lake Nyasa linking Tanzania with Malawi.
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5 Days Kilimanjaro Climbing is the only uncomplicated to Uhuru peak on Mount Kilimanjaro Climbing because of its gentle slopes but need optional acclimatization day that one can reschedule to 6 days. The Marangu route is known as Coca-Cola Route meaning simple like Coca cola.5 Days Kilimanjaro Climbing
Day 1: Marangu Gate to Mandara Hut.
Take a short drive from Arusha town to the Kilimanjaro Park Gate (1,830 m.) lies at the edge of Marangu, which is an attractive village with many small coffee and banana plantations. After completing the entrance formalities, we climb up through attractive and unspoiled forest to reach the clearing containing Mandara Hut (2,700 m.). The volcanic remains of Maundi Crater are nearby, and make a good afternoon excursion. An alternative is to rest and enjoy the beautiful forest. There is a rich birdlife at the huts and monkeys are often seen as well. [3-5 hours walking to Mandara Hut]
Day 2: Mandara Hut to Horombo Hut
The first part of the walk is a steep ascent through forest, but the path soon opens out into grassy moorland and, in clear weather, there are good views of Kibo and Mawenzi peaks. We climb steadily through the moorland zone, containing giant heather and occasional stands of groundsel, to eventually reach Horombo Hut (3,720 m.). Sunrises and sunsets here are often very stunning, the site is close to the glaciated dome of Kibo, and there is a real sense of being above the clouds. [4-6 hours walking from Mandara Hut to Horombo Hut]
Day 3: Horombo Hut to Kibo Hut
We climb very gradually towards the lunar desert of the Saddle between Mawenzi and Kibo. The terrain changes to screed and there is a palpable sense of high altitude wilderness. We usually reach Kibo Hut (4,700 m.) at the bottom of the crater wall by midday and the afternoon is free (to contemplate the summit ascent!!). The remainder of the day is spent resting and eating in preparation for the final climb before a very early night! [4-5 hours walking from Horombo Hut to Kibo Hut]
Day 4: Summit Day then down to Horombo Hut
We will start our ascent by torchlight at about 1 a.m. so that we can be up at Gillman’s Point by sunrise. The initial climb is steep over loose volcanic screen, but there are some well-graded zigzag and a slow but steady pace will have us up to Gillman’s (5,685 m.) in about five or six hours. We will rest there and spend some time taking in the sunrise. Those who are still feeling strong can make the three hour round trip from here along the crater rim to Uhuru Peak (5,896 m.), passing close to the spectacular glaciers that still occupy most of the summit area. The descent is surprisingly fast and we return to Horombo Hut for the night. [11-15 hours walking from Kibo Hut to Gillman’s Point]
Day 5: Horombo Hut – Arusha
After breakfast,we will start with a pleasant moorland walk to Mandara and then a lovely forest walk to the National Park gates to Arusha town. The greenness and lushness of the forest is quite a stunning contrast to the summit day, and it really makes you realize how varied the scenery on Kilimanjaro really is. [5-6 hours walking]
1 Pax $ 1800 | 2 – 3 Pax $ 1395 per person | 4 – 6 Pax 1320 per person | 8 – 10 pax $ 1250 pp
Included in this tour:
2 nights’ accommodation at Peace Hotel.
All nights’ accommodation in Huts.
Professional, experienced, mountain guides.
All Park fees and Rescue fees.
All meals while on the Mountain.
Arrival and Departure transfers.
Guides, Porters, cook salaries and park fees.
Large portions of fresh, healthy, nutritious food.
Clean, purified drinking water.
Fair and ethical treatment of porters.
Tanzania Visa: $50 per person on arrival.
Tips and any items of personal nature.
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Equipment’s Lists, getting the right Kilimanjaro equipment will make a dent in your budget. But there is no way around it; you need good gear for Kilimanjaro. Being cold, wet and miserable does not increase your summit chances.Equipment’s Lists
Equipment lists – What Kilimanjaro gear to take and why
The Kilimanjaro equipment list below has all the essential gear that you need for your Kilimanjaro climb.
It tells you why you need it and a bit about the different options you have when buying equipment specifically for your Kilimanjaro climb.
Camping Equipment for Kilimanjaro
Any half decent Kilimanjaro tour operator should supply the tents. Tents on Kilimanjaro need to be able to take a beating, so if you have to take your own, make sure it is one that is meant for such conditions (extended bad weather, strong winds and very rocky ground). You cannot afford to have any leaks or tears, zips that don’t keep wind out etc.
Invest in a good thermal sleeping mat. Often you can hire those from the operators. You don’t need this on the Marangu route. You still need a good sleeping bag, though.
Invest in a good sleeping bag that’s rated for at least -10°C/four seasons. Down sleeping bags are great. They are light, pack down small and definitely keep you warm at night, but down is of course expensive. Again, you can usually hire sleeping bags, since the real warm ones don’t come cheap and most people will not need theirs again after this trek.
A sleeping bag liner can help with temperatures. I have a silk liner and it makes a huge difference at the higher camps. I wake up every time it slips of my shoulders. A liner is also good for people who are squeamish about renting a sleeping bag. (Or if you plan to backpack through Tanzania before or after and stay in more dubious accommodation.)You can also get more expensive fleecy liners that are made specifically for warmth and are made from the same material as the filling of synthetic sleeping bags. They may be a good option if you already have a good three season’s bag.
Footwear – Boots
The most important piece of equipment for Kilimanjaro is a pair of good Gore-Tex trekking boots. Some people recommend leather, but leather is much heavier and the weight on your feet makes a big difference in the amount of energy you expend when walking. The boots need to be absolutely waterproof and breathable, very comfortable, and well-worn in, The very last things you need are blisters or sore feet! If you buy new boots, make sure they are big enough to accommodate the extra pair(s) of socks you’ll be wearing during summit night. If boots are too tight it hinders circulation and your feet freeze… Also make sure boots are high enough. You will need that ankle support, especially on the descent from the summit.
Take thick, thermal socks (two pairs) and thinner/normal socks. If your feet tend to sweat you need a fresh pair (or freshly rinsed and dried pair) every day. Salt means grit and abrasion. Make sure you always wear dry socks. Keeping your feet in good condition is essential.
Outer Clothing Layers
Good Rain protection is also essential equipment on Kilimanjaro. Once your gear is wet you have no hope of drying it again, and there is a very good chance that you’ll get rained on on the first day or two. This outermost layer should be high quality and breathable, and big enough to go over all your other clothes on summit night (when it will keep the wind off and add warmth).Get rain protection for your pack as well. Either get an outer cover or make sure everything inside is protected in plastic bags. (My rain jacket is big enough to wear over my day pack. As for my other Kilimanjaro equipment, I only climb with quality operators who will ensure that while on Kilimanjaro, my gear is protected from moisture. Find out how your Kilimanjaro tour company carries your stuff up the mountain.)
A down jacket is a wonderful piece of equipment for Kilimanjaro. Not only during summit night but also to sit around at dinner time when your body doesn’t generate heat through movement. (I find the evenings in camp by far the coldest part of everything…)You can’t beat down, but it’s expensive. If you’ll never need it again and if you can’t hire it (I always hire), then a few warm fleeces will do the job, provided you wear some windbreaker on the outside.
Fleeces are great because they give a lot of warmth for little weight. Two or even three thinner ones are preferable over one single thick fleece, not only because you can better adjust your clothing to the temperatures. The main reason is that the air between clothing layers provides better insulation than the clothes. Wearing many layers is the key to staying warm on Kilimanjaro.
I certainly recommend investing in some quality trekking pants. Mine are wind resistant, water resistant (not quite water proof but it takes heavy rain before it soaks in) and they even repel dirt (which isn’t essential, but nice if you spend a few months in Tanzania living out of a pack.) They weigh next to nothing and are very comfortable to wear. I can also unzip the legs and wear the pants as shorts. Two pairs are enough. Make sure your pants are big enough to comfortably wear over several thermal under layers. Don’t take heavy pants like jeans or similar. They offer no benefit, they only add weight and they will never dry if they get damp or wet.
Thermal under layers have two functions. They insulate against cold and they draw moisture away from the body (they are breathable or wicking). But beware, that wicking effect only works if ALL the layers you wear do it. Most good fleeces are breathable and your rainwear also should be.
As explained above, the key to staying warm on Kilimanjaro is wearing many layers, so bring a couple of pairs of long johns and long sleeved thermal tops. I use one pair to walk in and one bone dry pair to sleep in and to also wear on summit night.
I can recommend the Icebreaker brand from New Zealand, because as the lady in the specialist shop who sold it to me explained: You can wear them every day for a whole month and you’ll still never be lonely, they don’t smell
Everybody is different in their tolerance for cold, so do use your own judgment regarding how many and how high quality thermal under layers you take. Thermals come in different ratings. I live in the tropics and only the best and warmest will do for me. I also have a nice, comfortable pair of fleece pants to go over the long johns and under the trekking pants.
Whatever you take, do make sure you’ll have dry clothes on summit night.
Additional Kilimanjaro equipment for the cold
You also need gloves and a wooly hat, and maybe something to cover your ears if the hat doesn’t.
Get a nice, cozy, wooly hat. I never take mine off after the second night. I wear it walking, I wear it eating, and I wear it sleeping. Or get a balaclava. You probably won’t want to wear it so much around camp, but it will protect your face if you get a windy summit night. (And you can use it when you rob the bank to fund the whole trip.)
Good gloves are very important. Your fingers don’t move or do anything on the way up, and since they’ll likely be clutching your walking poles they are very exposed to the elements. A thermal pair underneath and a water and wind proof pair over the top would be ideal.
Some people say hand warmers aren’t needed, others say they are essential. You know what kind of person you are. Do you tend to get cold hands or feet easily? Do take hand warmers! The little oxygen activated sachets are cheap, take up no room and weigh nothing. The good ones stay warm for 12 to 16 hours and they are bliss to have. Yes, you can use them while clutching walking poles. Just shove them inside your gloves. I myself would not be able to do without them. Do get several packets and if you buy them on EBay or similar make sure you test them. I’ve seen the cheaper Chinese brands fail to do anything when opened.
Kilimanjaro equipment for warm weather and around camp
Most people bring a pair of trainers or similar to wear around camp. (I did only once and never wear them after the first night. My trekking boots are VERY comfortable, and the trainers are too bloody cold!)
If you have light weight trekking pants you don’t need shorts. I sure wouldn’t take any. It’s freezing from the first night.
You might want some light shirt for the time in the humid rain forest, but beware. The worst sunburns don’t happen on the summit, they happen on day one. I recommend a collared shirt. At least make sure you slap a generous amount of sunscreen on the back of your neck and, if needed, the shoulders.
Get the best sunscreen money can buy and start using it from day one. Don’t underestimate the power of the sun at altitude. Even 2000 m or 7000 ft. is enough altitude to make a serious difference in the amount of damaging UV rays that reach your skin.
Also get something for your lips! Lips do not have pigmentation to protect them from the sun, and the wind, dust and dry air will also punish them.
And get some very good sunglasses, especially for the summit day. You don’t want to become snow blind. Wrap around glasses or glasses with side protection are best, not only to keep out as much harmful radiation as possible, but also to protect your eyes from wind and dust.
Take a sun hat or cap for the first days. You’ll need it for the rest of your stay in Tanzania anyway.
Don’t go overboard! Toothbrush, toothpaste, a little soap, deodorant and a mini towel are all the toiletries you’ll have use for.
Talking of towels, don’t take the beach towel you brought for Zanzibar up on the mountain. Once it’s wet it won’t dry again. The ultra-light travel towels really come into their own on Kilimanjaro.
Take enough toilet paper!
And girls, the altitude can play havoc with your monthly cycle, so bring whatever you need, just in case.
Other Kilimanjaro Equipment
Walking poles are must have equipment on Kilimanjaro, especially for the way down. If you’ve never used poles before, get used to them on the way up, so they will protect your knees on the way down. After rejecting poles for years as something for oldies or city slickers with too much money, I eventually tried them for the sake of my knees. I took to using poles like a fish takes to water. Why did nobody ever tell me that they save your legs 30% energy on the way up? I don’t climb any mountains without them now. But my mom needed three treks at home until she got used to hers…I don’t think you need any fancy poles. Wooden sticks did the job in the past and did it well. Collapsible poles are handy if you lug your own around the world, but you can hire poles from your operator or even get them at Machame or Marangu gate though it may be the old style wooden version.
A head torch is essential during summit night and also comes in handy around camp. Take enough batteries and keep them warm on summit night as batteries like to die in the cold.
Most people carry water bottles for about three liters. Two liters is the absolute minimum. (Some people say you need more on summit day, we always needed less. This does depend on your personal needs. People who naturally sweat a lot will need more.)You will be able to refill your bottles during the day and in the evenings. The only exception is the summit attempt when your water has to last you to the peak and back down to camp. Most people prefer platypus type water bladders/camel backs. It makes it easy to drink as you’re walking. (Actually, easy is not the right word, because at altitude you will find it hard to walk and to hold your breath while drinking and to expend the extra energy to suck out of that bladder, all at the same time… Just you wait :-).)Still, most people find a camel back is more convenient than having a bottle in your pack.
I never used a camel back. I can’t stand those things. I carry one or two smaller bottles on the outside of my pack where I or a climbing partner can easily get to them, and refill or change them during breaks.
If you do get a camel back make sure it is fully insulated, including the tubing. Also make sure that during the summit night you ALWYAS blow the water back into the bladder or it will freeze in the tube and mouth piece.
Add a Sigh style metal / aluminum water bottles to your Kilimanjaro equipment list. Why? They double as hot water bottles at night. (All water on Kilimanjaro needs to be boiled for drinking, and your team should boil a big tub every night to fill all bottles.)
Wrap any damp clothing items that you want to dry around the bottle and shove it in the bottom of your sleeping bag before you climb in. Bliss and your clothes are dry in the morning.
Most Kilimanjaro equipment lists recommend water filters or purification tablets. I don’t see the point. Your team should be boiling enough water for drinking for everyone. Before you buy any additional filter or tablets, consider that all your food and the soup and the tea and coffee etc. is also made with water that has only been boiled. As long as the water has been boiled properly it is safe. Having said that, if you climb with one of the budget operators, DO take a filter or iodine tablets. (Purification tablets need to be iodine, not chlorine.) Carrying all the water and boiling it costs money for porters and fuel, so on budget climbs you need to get and purify much of your water yourself. Even if they don’t make you get it, it is safer to purify your own. Depending on your other plans you may also need filter/tablets before and after your climb.
You should also have a medical kit in your Kilimanjaro equipment, especially when doing budget climbs! I will write a separate page about that.
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